Biblical Law & God's Promises
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Delivered By
Bob Petersen
Delivered On
November 5, 2017 at 11:00 AM

Biblical Law & God's Promises


2 Peter 1:4 NAS For by these He has granted to us His precious and magnificent promises, so that by them you may become partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world by lust.


Hebrews 6:9-12 NAS 9 But, beloved, we are convinced of better things concerning you, and things that accompany salvation, though we are speaking in this way. 10 For God is not unjust so as to forget your work and the love which you have shown toward His name, in having ministered and in still ministering to the saints. 11 And we desire that each one of you show the same diligence so as to realize the full assurance of hope until the end, 12 so that you will not be sluggish, but imitators of those who through faith and patience inherit the promises.


Are the promises of God including the things bought by the finished work of the cross ours?

  • Are they ours by God dispensing or by our obtaining?


2 Corinthians 1:20 NAS For as many as are the promises of God, in Him they are yes; therefore also through Him is our Amen to the glory of God through us.


Let’s look at how the laws work with the promises


There are three different types of laws God gave to man in the Bible:

(1) Moral Laws

(2) Ceremonial Laws

(3) Civil Laws


Moral Laws

  • The moral laws, or mish-pat-im, relate to justice and judgment and are often translated as "ordinances."

  • Mishpatim are said to be based on God's holy nature.

    • As such, the ordinances are holy, just, and unchanging.

    • Their purpose is to promote the welfare of those who obey.

  • The moral law encompasses regulations on justice, respect, and sexual conduct, and includes the Ten Commandments.

    • It also includes penalties for failure to obey the ordinances.

  • Moral law does not point people to Christ; it merely illuminates the fallen state of all mankind.

  • Are these laws for the New Testament church today?


Leviticus 19:37 NAS You shall thus observe all My statutes (chuqqah) and all My ordinances (mish-pat-im) and do them; I am the Lord.


Ceremonial Law

  • The ceremonial laws are called hukkim or chuqqah in Hebrew, which literally means “custom of the nation”; the words are often translated as “statutes.”

  • These laws seem to focus the adherent’s attention on God. They include:

    • instructions on regaining right standing with God (e.g., sacrifices and other ceremonies regarding “uncleanness”)

    • Remembrances of God’s work in Israel (e.g., feasts and festivals)

    • Specific regulations meant to distinguish Israelites from their pagan neighbors (e.g., dietary and clothing restrictions)

    • Signs that point to the coming Messiah (e.g., the Sabbath, circumcision, Passover, and the redemption of the firstborn).

  • Are these laws for the New Testament church today?


Judicial/Civil Law

  • These laws include some of the Moral Laws described above and more to the extent that punishment and restitution are defined.

  • These are the same types of laws that govern our society in the detailing of types of laws and the punishment or restitution associated with each law.

    • Some examples of these laws in the bible include:

      • Murder and punishment

      • Restitution for a man gored by an ox

      • The responsibility of the man who dug a pit to rescue his neighbor's trapped donkey.

      • Punishment for the breaking of sexual laws

    • These laws still govern culture from taught adherence by ostracization from family and community to literal laws including often severe punishments.

  • Are these laws for the New Testament church today?


  • The question is, are we still under these laws in the New Testament time of grace?


In my view, the moral laws are to define the legal boundaries between the kingdom of God and the domain of darkness.


Matthew 5:17-19 NAS 17 "Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill.  18 "For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until all is accomplished.  19 "Whoever then annuls one of the least of these commandments, and teaches others to do the same, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever keeps and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.


Other laws that govern us are:

  1. Natural or Physical laws such as the law of gravity

  2. Spiritual laws such as the law of sowing and reaping


We are under Grace and not law


Because of this we don't believe that law governs us


We need to separate the ritualistic laws that pointed to the fulfillment, Jesus from the laws that define spiritual boundaries

Hebrews 10:1 NAS For the Law, since it has only a shadow of the good things to come and not the very form of things, can never, by the same sacrifices which they offer continually year by year, make perfect those who draw near.